In addition to the exemption criteria provided for in the agreement, refugee claimants must continue to meet all other admission criteria of the relevant immigration legislation for the country in which they are applying for status. While refugee claimants entering Canada at official crossing points are generally returned to the United States, they are not returned when crossing at locations between designated ports of entry. In this case, their claims are heard and many immigration experts consider this to be a gap in the agreement.   This means that Canada can turn away refugee claimants arriving at land ports arriving along the Canada-United States. Border on the basis of the fact that they must pursue their claims in the United States, the country where they arrived first. The Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA) between Canada and the United States, signed in 2002 and in effect since 2004, requires applicants arriving at official border ports to seek refugee protection in the country of first arrival, unless they are entitled to a waiver of the agreement. Canada has tried to stem the flow of asylum seekers who have flocked to the country since 2016, after Mr. Trump`s promise to act against illegal immigration. Canada « continues to actively engage » with Washington in the refugee compact and ensures that the agreement reflects Canada`s commitment to its international obligations « while continuing to corate how we manage our shared border, » he added.
Since March 2017, about 59,000 people have crossed the border between official ports of entry to make a refugee claim, according to Canada`s Immigration and Refuge Council. Approximately 15,000 of these applications have been accepted, 12,000 have been rejected and 29,000 are awaiting a decision. The government said repealing the agreement would result in an « influx » of asylum seekers at the border, making it more difficult for different levels of government to maintain the existing refugee system, including the provision of housing and other social services. Data from the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada indicates that the number of asylum seekers entering Canada fell from more than 7600 people between April and August 2019 to less than 130 people for the same period in 2020. The CCR continues to call on the Canadian government to withdraw from the Safe Third Country Agreement. .