There are several opportunities to integrate flexibility mechanisms into the broader transparency framework. The extent, degree of detail or frequency of reporting can all be adapted and modulated according to a country`s capacity. The requirement to carry out technical checks in the country could be lifted for some less developed or small island developing states. Capacity assessment opportunities include financial and human resources in a country needed for NDC verification.  The problem is that only countries that have ratified the agreement can participate in these discussions. This has worried many countries of being excluded from the important upcoming discussions on the technical side of the Paris Agreement. The agreement will enter into force in time for the Marrakesh Climate Change Conference (COP 22) to be held in Morocco in November, at which countries will convene the first meeting of the contracting parties to the agreement. Countries that have not yet joined can participate as observers. New York, 5 October – The historic Paris agreement on combating climate change will enter into force on 4 November, as the United Nations announced today. As soon as the European Parliament gives the go-ahead, the closing decision will be formally adopted by the Council. The EU will then be able to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.
 The implementation of the agreement by all the Member States combined will be evaluated every five years, with the first evaluation in 2023. The result will be used as an input for new national contributions from Member States.  The inventory will not be national contributions/achievements, but a collective analysis of what has been achieved and what remains to be done. The Paris Agreement was adopted on 12 December 2015 at COP21 in Paris, France, by the Conference of the Parties (COP) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Vienna Convention on Treaty Law provides for the adoption of the formal act, the form and content of an agreement. In adopting the Paris Agreement, each of the contracting parties approved the text of the Paris Agreement. This does not mean that the parties to the UNFCCC will automatically become parties to the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement has an « upward » structure unlike most international environmental treaties, which are « top down », characterized by internationally defined standards and objectives that states must implement.  Unlike its predecessor, the Kyoto Protocol, which sets legal commitment targets, the Paris Agreement, which focuses on consensual training, allows for voluntary and national objectives.  Specific climate targets are therefore politically promoted and not legally binding.